Arab Press

بالشعب و للشعب
Saturday, May 18, 2024

International and Regional Efforts Needed to End the War in Sudan, One Year On

As the conflict between the Sudanese Armed Forces and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) enters its second year, there is no significant progress towards a negotiated peaceful solution.
However, there is a glimmer of hope with the announcement of the resumption of negotiations in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, within the next two weeks.

Domestically, military escalation, both on the battlefield and in the rhetoric of military leaders, has dominated the scene. This situation has raised substantial concerns among experts and observers that Sudan may be on the path to a protracted war that could lead to its division and threaten regional security. The war has significantly impacted eastern Sudan, a region that was previously unaffected; for instance, on April 9, RSF drones targeted military and security facilities in the city of Al Qadarif, in eastern Sudan.

Time is of the Essence

The success of peace negotiations in Sudan is closely linked to timing. The longer the war continues, the more challenges arise, complicating the negotiation process, such as potential splits within the army or RSF. Dr. Bakri Al Jak, the official spokesperson for the "Coordination of Civil Democratic Forces" (Progress), warns that the war's shift towards mobilization on ethnic and regional bases, rather than ideological or political grounds, increases the risk of both sides losing control over their forces on the ground. This situation is the first step towards dividing the country.

Al Jak emphasizes the importance of quickly reaching a negotiated solution by delegitimizing the war domestically and intensifying regional and international communications to support peace in Sudan, to prevent the war from dragging on.

The Need for Political Will

Experts estimate the direct economic losses to Sudan's economy in the first year of the war at $100 billion. Ninety percent of factories were destroyed, agricultural production decreased by 65%, and the service sector by 75%. Adding the missed opportunities, the total loss amounts to $200 billion. Beyond economic damage, the conflict has claimed the lives of 14,000 civilians, with thousands wounded or missing, and 11 million people displaced or seeking refuge. While the exact number of military casualties remains undisclosed due to media blackout from both sides, it is undeniably high. Despite these tremendous losses, the fighting parties have not yet demonstrated a genuine political will toward negotiation, although a significant number of Sudanese civilians and political forces call for peace.

The Integration of National and Regional Will

Like many other conflicts in the region, the war in Sudan is unlikely to cease without the integration of national will for peace with supportive and pressing regional and international intentions. The writer and political analyst Haj Warraq believes that key factors will determine whether the war will extend or be contained. One critical factor is the coherence, consistency, and clarity of the United States' policy towards Sudan. The current divide within American politics, between Democrats and Republicans, and the lack of a clear, consistent strategy are major impediments.

War and Gold

An important factor influencing the conflict in Sudan is the networks financing the war, particularly those involved in gold smuggling and extraction. These networks not only fund the war but also have created the largest markets for slavery and political bribery in the country. If peace-aligned forces can mobilize support in the West, sanctions can be imposed on these networks to speed up the end of the war.

Moreover, uniting peace and democratic civil government forces could be crucial. Despite the "Coordination of Civil Democratic Forces" (Progress) forming a broad alliance, Warraq suggests it needs more public openness and to include additional sections of new and non-party forces to become more effective.

If national peace-aligned forces can closely work with effective regional and international roles, this collaboration could help create a pro-peace and civil governance stream among the warring parties themselves. There are various factions within both the army and RSF. If international, regional, and local developments support the emergence of a peace stream within the conflict parties, this could expedite the end of the war. The aim is not to encourage divisions or splits due to their dangers but to create a political environment where peace becomes the only feasible option.

Related Articles

Arab Press
FedEx Airlines Boeing 767 cargo plane lands on nose at Istanbul Airport
Netanyahu's Firm Stance Amid Rafah Hostage Talks
Blinken on Gaza: Ceasefire is Key to Humanitarian Crisis Resolution
UAE Prime Minister Announces $544M for Home Repairs after Historic Rains, Vows to Learn from Experience
Isfahan Explosions: US Media Reports Israel's Retaliatory Strikes on Iran
Four Dead, Dubai Airport Disrupted: UAE's Heaviest Rains in 75 Years Cause Flooding and Flight Chaos
Dubai Airports: Stranded Tourists 'Living on Duty Free,' Desperate for Food and Water
Heavy Rains Cause Flooding in UAE and Oman: 18 Lives Lost
You can be a very successful player, but a player with character is another level!
Unprecedented Flooding Disrupts Dubai
Ajman Crown Prince Declares Remote Work Day for Government Employees Due to Weather (Except Essential Jobs)
IDF released footage showing Israeli fighter jets downing some of the 300 drones and missiles fired from Iran at Israel.
The West stands with Israel, Iran is furious: "Double standards and irresponsibility"
Huge Queues at Iranian Gas Stations
Stabbing rampage terror attack in Sydney, at least four people killed, early reports that a baby was among those stabbed.
Scandal in Iran after a goalkeeper had the audacity to hug a female fan who stormed the pitch
Iran fired more than 300 drones and missiles at Israel overnight. Israel Reports Light Damage After Iran Launches Large Strike.
Saudi Arabia calls for "restraint" amid Iranian strikes on Israel
Iran launched dozens of drones at Israel on Saturday but they will take hours to reach their targets, Israel's military said
Online YouTube streamer N3ON was just sentenced to AN ENTIRE YEAR in prison in Dubai for filming and live-streaming, without “proper permits”
UN Chief Warns: Gaza Outflow to Egypt Would Derail Israeli-Palestinian Peace
Record Number of Arab Soldiers Serve in IDF Amidst Ongoing Gaza Conflict: A Personal Story of Loyalty and Advocacy
Major Charities Warn of Genocide in Gaza: 'Impossible' to Deliver Aid, Israel Accused of Complicity
Biden Warns Netanyahu: US Aid to Israel Depends on Gaza Civilian Protection
Israel Reopens Gaza Border for Temporary Humanitarian Aid Amid International Pressure
United Arab Emirates suspends diplomatic relations with Israel
Qatar PM: Displaced Palestinians Key Issue in Gaza Ceasefire Negotiations
Palestinian Authority Seeks Renewed UN Membership Amid Reforms and International Pressure
Gaza Crisis: Soaring Newborn Mortality Due to Malnutrition and Destroyed Health Facilities
World Bank: $18.5 Billion in Damages to Gaza's Critical Infrastructure and Economy
Iran: Two Generals, Five Officers Killed in Israeli Strike on Syrian Consulate
Israel Passes Law to Potentially Ban Al Jazeera Amid Conflict with Hamas
Turkish local elections: Opposition stuns Erdogan with historic victory
Israel Must "Ensure Urgent Humanitarian Assistance" In Gaza: World Court
Saudi Arabia To Participate In Miss Universe Pageant For 1st Time Ever
Court ruling effectively outlaws Islamic schools in India’s most populous state
"War Crime" Warning by Macron to Israel on Gazans' Forced Transfer
Senior Hezbollah Official Makes Landmark Visit To UAE: Report
Gaza's catastrophic food shortage means mass death is imminent, monitor says
Over 13,000 Children Killed in Gaza, UN Agency Reports
Israeli PM approves Rafah operation plan
Islamic call in British parliament today.
Thai Muslims perform the Taraweeh prayer during the holy month of Ramadan
South Africa announced that Israeli soldiers holding South African citizenship would be arrested upon entering the country
In a Misguided Critique, Jewish US Official Asked to Respect Local Traditions in Saudi Arabia
The Indian government is demolishing mosques as part of the religious war taking place there.
Biden: Netanyahu causes Israel more harm than benefit
Turkish President Erdogan Says March Elections Will Be His Last
Being racist is a full time job