Arab Press

بالشعب و للشعب
Sunday, Mar 03, 2024

State of the World Today: Non-State Actors Emerge

In today's evolving world, a symbiotic relationship exists between technology and humans.
Created initially by humans to solve their problems, technology has become vital to their existence, echoing German philosopher Hegel's master-slave dialectic. Humans modify their environment using technology, which in turn transforms them due to their close association with it. This change introduces new challenges and complications that subsequently require innovative technological solutions in a never-ending cycle.

Technology innovation typically begins at a central point and then spreads across the globe in a process known as proliferation. As countries adopt and further develop these technologies, power shifts occur. For instance, during its rise as a superpower, the United States emulated or even spied on Great Britain, leading to the relocation of the industrial world's center of gravity to the New World. Following that, the US spearheaded the technological revolution we experience today. However, the difference now lies in the rapid dissemination of technology, which becomes universally accessible, including to non-state actors. Technological experts suggest that the pace of technological spread may compress what once took a century into just two decades. The question remains: How will the modern ancient human mind adapt?

German sociologist Max Weber defined the state-nation as the sole authority of force and coercion within a defined geographical territory and society. In the 21st century, the unprecedented spread of technology, coupled with the reduced cost of waging war, has introduced new players into the global system: non-state actors.

Irish author Philip Bockinghton notes that the world is currently experiencing commodification the process of turning a high-cost product, once exclusive to the wealthy, into something accessible to the general populace. Mobile phones are a prime example of this shift. Commodification has democratized many aspects of life, extending to economics, trade, and even war. The traditional hierarchy in warfare has been dissolved, and the state is no longer the only entity capable of initiating a conflict. Instead, states grapple with the high cost of their military arsenals, preparing for conventional interstate warfare using expensive technologies. However, as these technologies become inexpensive and widely available, states face the challenge of adapting to major transformations.

Non-state actors cannot endure on their own they require sponsors, whether international or regional. They need safe havens and funding, especially in their formative stages, later seeking self-financing through illegitimate means. These groups prepare for specific military-political objectives to serve their sponsors, allowing for message delivery to intended recipients while the sponsor maintains plausible deniability. The connection between proxy and patron might be rooted in political, ideological, or even religious alignments. A matured agent has the potential to entangle its sponsor in an unwanted conflict. Nonetheless, a modus operandi is essential in their relationship, where the non-state actor may also influence the geopolitical game according to the sponsor's will.

In the Middle East, the following phenomenon is observed:

• The functional collapse of the state while it remains officially in place.

• According to international law (De Jure), the state retains its formal existence.

• However, in reality, on the ground (De Facto), the state has a government that does not govern due to the dominance of non-state actors.

In conclusion, according to the International Red Cross, there are currently 450 active non-state groups worldwide, controlling over 195 million people. So, is the world today multipolar? Or is America first among equals? Or is the global landscape non-polar?

Related Articles

Arab Press
China Criticizes US for Vetoing UN Ceasefire Resolution in Gaza
Saudi Arabia ranks first in UN index for e-government services in MENA
Israel Records 20% Drop In GDP, War In Gaza Is The Reason
Saudi Arabia's FDI Inflows Grow with New International Standards
Venture Capitals Power Up Across MENA Region
PM Modi Announces Opening Of New CBSE Office In Dubai
January Funding for MENA Startups Totals $86.5 Million
Saudi Arabia accelerates digital economy growth through Nvidia partnership
Israel unveils tunnels underneath Gaza City headquarters of UN agency for Palestinian refugees
Israel deploys new military AI in Gaza war
Egypt threatens to suspend key peace treaty if Israel pushes into Gaza border town, officials say
Saudi Arabia Warns Of A "Humanitarian Catastrophe" If Israel Moves On Rafah
US University To Shut Qatar Campus Due To "Heightened Mideast Instability"
Facebook and Instagram Ban Iran's Supreme Leader
Defense Technology Showcase Held in Riyadh
Saudi Arabia’s non-oil exports rise 2.5% to $6bn in November 2023: GASTAT
Rolls-Royce Executive Encourages Saudi Women to Tap into Their Inner 'Superhero' for Success in Defense Industry
Saudi Arabia launches National Academy of Vehicles and Cars
Saudi Tourism Minister Reveals Plan for 250,000 New Hotel Rooms by 2030
SAR to more than double eastern network passenger capacity with new trains deal
Saudi Arabia Enhances National Defense with New Partnerships
Saudi Aramco Maintains Arab Light Crude Pricing to Asia for March
NEOM Establishes New York Office to Support Investors
Saudi Wealth Fund Draws in Over $25 Billion Worth of Investments in Three Years, Al-Rumayyan Reveals
The Saudi Kingdom's Ultimatum to Israel: A Win-Win Peace with Saudi Arabia and the Arab World, or a Lose-Lose Continued Occupation and Endless Conflict
Biden condemns anti-Arab hate after WSJ opinion piece calls Dearborn ‘jihad capital’
Turkey Releases Seven Hostages Captured by Pro-Gaza Gunman
Arab Parliament Commends Women's Contributions to Societal Development
British and Hungarian Foreign Ministers visited Lebanese leaders to stress the importance of enacting UN Resolution 1701
Yemen's Houthis Say They Targeted British Merchant Vessel In Red Sea
Donald Trump Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize for 'Historic' Middle East Policy
US lawmakers approve F-16 jet sale to Turkey following NATO expansion support
Saudi Arabia Climbs 25 Places in World Bank's National Statistics Indicator
Tourism Growth in Saudi Arabia Fuels Advancements in the Hospitality Industry," Says Rotana Official
Houthi Rebels Request Departure of UN Staff from Yemen, Including US and UK Personnel, within a Month
Modi Inaugurates Hindu Temple on Site of Demolished Mosque in India
Over 25,000 Deaths in Gaza Amid Israeli Offensive
Escalating Clashes in Gaza as Israel Distributes Leaflets to Assist in Locating Hostages
Turkey's First Astronaut Set to Launch for International Space Station Today
Head of Palestinian Investment Fund Warns More People May Die of Hunger Than War in Gaza
Palestinian Envoy Criticizes UK for Alleged 'Double Standards' in Policies Toward Israel
Morocco to Lead UN Human Rights Council in 2024
Is artificial intelligence the solution to cyber security threats?
Egypt has been identified as the leading military force among Arab nations and ranks 15th globally
The AI Revolution in the Workforce: CEOs at Davos Predict Major Job Cuts in 2024
Iranian Nobel Laureate Narges Mohammadi Receives Additional Prison Sentence
"Gazans Urge Israeli Forces to Target Hamas in Leaked Audio"
Biden States US and UK Airstrikes on Houthis Were a 'Defensive Action
Large Pro-Palestine Rally in London as Gaza Conflict Hits Day 100
South Africa Urges World Court to Halt Israeli Actions in Gaza